11 Must Have QA Testing Skills for Software Testers

skills for software tester

To complete any professional assignment or job, a professional must have the necessary skill sets and knowledge. Although the requirements may differ depending on the profile, they must be well understood. 

This article will concentrate on several facets of becoming a software tester regarding the crucial abilities and information necessary to succeed in the industry.

The skills for software tester has two key sections, the first of which is the technical expertise needed to do the task without error. The soft abilities you need to have in addition to your technical implementation come next. 

Now, it’s essential to recognize that both abilities work together to produce the desired results. First, one must grasp software testing fundamentals to better understand these two crucial components.

Before making it available to customers, a software tester ensures a fully functional system or service. Developing observable hard and soft skills is frequently necessary for a career in this field. 

Skills for Software Tester: Definition and Skills 

Here we are reading about what are software tester skills and which are highly effective skills for software testers.

What are software tester skills?

Before a corporation distributes a software system or service to the end customer, a software tester has to test the system’s or service’s functionality. You may need a mix of hard and soft talents to succeed in software testing.

Hard skills are the technical skills that help you find defects in a system. Soft skills help you perform your tasks efficiently and add value to the organization. 

Some examples of hard skills for software tester include knowledge about document preparation, database, test preparation, Linux commands, testing procedures, automation tools and issue tracking. Soft skills include analytical reasoning, communication, business awareness and organization.

11 Skills of Highly Effective Software Testers

#11 Automating the Process

You will need more than manual testing to get there because of the incorporation of the newest technologies, rising software complexity, and integrations in the application. 

Software testers or QA engineers should gain automation skills for testing browser compatibility, performance, and database and integration layers since it imparts more accuracy due to the business logic and technicality it may provide. 

Additionally, there are a number of test automation tools that fully complement the testing approach and have the capabilities to accomplish the duties efficiently.

Some of the popular test automation tools include:

  1. TestGrid 
  2. RFT
  3. Perfecto
  4. Katalon Studio
  5. Appium
  6. Selenium

#10 Proficiency in Programming Languages

Having programming language knowledge is crucial if you want to improve your automation testing abilities. 

Software testers must be conversant in a standard programming language to interact more effectively with the IT department. Code coverage, statement coverage, and other automation testing techniques require an in-depth understanding of programming concepts.

#09 Knowledge of Test Management Tools

You may design test cases, meet test requirements, manage resources, and do a lot more with the aid of test management systems. To prevent errors from entering production, test management expertise is essential. You should be familiar with the following test management tools:

  • Testing specs, planning, reporting, and requirement tracking are all included in TestLink, one of the top test management solutions.
  • TestPad is a compact test planner that strives to offer sufficient test procedures without requiring a complex test management infrastructure.
  • QADeputy: It is a fully functional test management application created for small to medium-sized teams that significantly increase testing efficiency.
  • TestRail is a test management platform that aids teams in organizing and monitoring software testing activities.

#08 Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)

The software development life cycle is referred to as SDLC. Testers must understand the SDLC to organize testing cycles efficiently. They will be better able to understand software complexity and prevent them in the future by having more in-depth knowledge of the software development life cycle.

Thanks to the SDLC’s overall framework, they will be able to comprehend the tasks involved in application development and arrange the testing cycle properly. 

A thorough understanding of the SDLC cycle will also enable testers to foresee application complexity, which will help them decide on the best course of action in advance. Testers must also get familiar with alternative development mythologies, such as Kanban, Waterfall, Scrum, Lean, etc.

Read also: Everything You Must Know About SDLC Automation and Its Benefits

#07 Agile Methodology

Agile testing follows the same concepts as agile software development in the software testing process. Agile testing is consistent with an iterative development approach in which the development aligns with the client’s needs.

Agile testing is a continuous, non-sequential process. Testing begins at the project’s outset, and testing and development are continuously integrated. The fundamental objective of agile development and testing is to produce high-quality products.

In this method, the team pushes themselves outside their comfort zones and produces high-quality results. Software testers should be well-versed in agile testing instruments like:

Appium, Selenium, Web Driver, JunoOne, JIRA.

#06 Analytical Skills

A successful software tester needs to be a strong analyst. In doing so, the tester can simplify complex systems and thoroughly understand the code. Additionally, it will support the creation of better test cases, increasing the system’s overall productivity. 

The tester’s primary responsibility is to pinpoint the issue and offer the most effective action to resolve it. To succeed, they must be analytically inclined to assess the problems, faults, and security flaws.

#05 Excellent Communication Skills

Testers must communicate vocally and in writing with a variety of stakeholders.

As a result, you should be precise when expressing your views and ideas regarding the problem and its solution.

Depending on the stakeholder, a highly effective software tester should be able to describe the problem both technically and plainly. They should know how, when, and what to say during each position because communication is just as crucial as the testing itself.

You should be able to explain the flaw or process improvement to your coworkers who test software, as well as to developers, managers, designers, clients, and occasionally even the CEO.

  • Write objective bug reports that every employee in the company should be able to understand.
  • You can offer actual observations and recommendations for the product’s enhancement from the customer’s viewpoint.

#04 Project Management

Technical and business considerations are both included in software testing capabilities. Any tester must be able to take charge of the project to manage both. This means that after testing is finished, a tester delivers the project. 

Testers will develop problem-solving skills by learning project management techniques. In this manner, the testers will carry the responsibility and management of the end-to-end testing project and be responsible and answerable for their work to the relevant person. 

The ability to manage projects effectively is crucial for encouraging responsibility. By doing so, the tester can enhance the overall testing procedure and give the client high-quality results.

#03 Problem-Solving

Problem-solving is a crucial skill for software testers, as it allows them to identify and resolve issues in the software they are testing. To be effective at problem-solving, software testers must deeply understand the software they are testing and the underlying technologies and systems that support it. 

They must also be familiar with industry best practices for testing and quality assurance. By developing this skill, software testers can improve their performance and contribute to the quality and success of the software they are testing.

#02 Planning and Documentation

Planning and documentation are essential skills for any software tester. Effective planning ensures that testing is carried out efficiently and effectively, while thorough documentation allows testers to keep track of their progress and results. 

Planning should include creating a test plan that outlines the scope, objectives, and approach for testing and identifies any risks or potential issues.

Documentation should include detailed records of the tests performed, the results obtained, and any identified defects or problems. These skills are critical for ensuring that software is of high quality and meets users’ needs.

#01 Continuous Learning Process

Continuous learning is also one of the crucial skills for software tester. Today, technology is constantly evolving, and to be an effective tester, you should cope with the latest developments and techniques. 

This may involve attending workshops, conferences, or online courses, regularly reading industry publications and staying updated with new tools and software. 

Additionally, being open to feedback and learning from mistakes will help you improve your skills and become a better tester. By continuously learning, you can stay at the forefront of the field and provide valuable insights to your team.


In conclusion, QA testing is an essential step in the complete software development process and requires a specific set of skills to be done effectively. 

Some of the must-have skills for software testers include attention to detail, strong problem-solving abilities, and the ability to communicate clearly and effectively. 

Additionally, testers should have a good understanding of the software development process and be able to create and execute comprehensive test plans. 

They should also be familiar with various testing tools and techniques, such as automated and exploratory testing, and adapt to new technologies and methodologies as needed. Ultimately, having a solid foundation in these skills will help ensure that software is high quality and free of defects.
To read more on the topics related to software testing and how you can do it with ease, head over to our blog section here.

 Is testing a technical skill?

Testing can be considered a technical skill because it requires a certain level of knowledge and expertise to properly design and execute tests to ensure a product’s or system’s quality. This can involve using specialized tools and techniques and understanding the underlying technology and how it is intended to function.

How can I improve my software testing skills?

To improve your software testing skills, you can learn more about software testing principles and how to design practical test cases. You can also practice using various testing tools and techniques and consider taking a course or certification program to gain more in-depth knowledge.
Additionally, staying up-to-date with industry best practices and technological advancements can help you improve your skills.