Hacks: Best Practices for Effective
Absolute XPaths are not dependent on the location of the element on the page and provide stable tests that are not affected by changes in the page structure.
Use Absolute XPaths for Stable Tests
Avoid Using Complex XPaths
Long and complex XPaths can be difficult to maintain and can cause test failures if the page structure changes. Use shorter and simpler XPaths wherever possible.
Use Unique Attributes
Use attributes that are unique to the element being tested to avoid false positives and ensure that the test is specific to the intended element.
Use Contains() and Starts-with() Functions
The contains() and starts-with() functions allow testers to locate elements based on partial attribute values, it is useful when testing dynamic pages with changing attribute values.
Use wildcards to locate elements based on partial or changing attribute values, such as IDs or class names.
Regularly Review and Update XPaths
Regularly review and update XPaths to ensure that they are still relevant and specific to the intended elements, and to avoid test failures caused by changes in the page structure.
Use XPaths in Combination with Other Locators
Use XPaths in combination with other locators, such as IDs and class names, to create more specific and stable tests.
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